Preparation Of Surface
There is one key requirement to the successful application of a liquid membrane and that is the preparation of the surface area to be painted.
All manufacturers application guides will refer to the preparation process prior to application and due to the fact we actually get to use the products we supply we can offer our own preparation guides.
The first job is to make the surface sound. If there are loose bits of screed, concrete, etc these should be broken out until the material is sound. The holes created should be filled with a suitable mortar which should be allowed to go off.
If there are hollows or uneven areas within the floor then if the finished liquid membrane such as an epoxy paint is to be left as the final finish it would be as well to even the hollows out so the floor is made fully level.
Once the floor is even it should be completely cleaned. Dust, dirt, oil, grease and other contaminants should be completely removed. Where oil and grease are present it should be treated with a degreasing agent several times to ensure it has been fully lifted.
Allow this treatment to work and wash down to leave a clean surface.
If not fully cleaned this will have an impact on the bonding process with the liquid membrane to the slab possibly resulting in re-application if not carried out properly.
Note that if drilling or hacking off plaster has been carried out in the area to be painted dust from these processes can linger in the air and continuously settle on the surface. Ahead of applying the first coat run a hoover across the area and run a mop or similar over the floor to pick up all the dust.
If the floor is scaled or the material is porous subject to the product you are using, such as bitumen paint, you are recommended to apply a bitumen primer. This will help with the overall bonding process but also help achieve the target coverage rate for the bitumen paint.
Two Coat Application
Otherwise, a two coat application of Epoxy, Polymer or Polyurethane liquid membranes is always recommended.
Be mindful, in working out volumes, the first coat going straight onto a non-primed surface will most likely require more paint than is stated in the datasheet due to porosity of the surface, (acting like a sponge). Subsequently, the second coat goes down closer to the stated coverage rate.
Another factor in the application process is using the right application tools. It is easier to use a brush to work around the floor edges and cutting in. Thereafter we suggest a medium or long pile roller to work the main floor area. For large floor areas, without doubt, the use of our applicators kit is recommended.
This applicator kit ensures good coverage of the floor area and in quicker time. The damp proof membrane will usually be touch-dry within one hour of application.
So in summary, the key to success for our range of liquid membranes when installing a damp proof membrane is; Preparation, Preparation, Preparation.